Weight loss effects of circuit training interventions: A systematic review and meta-analysis

Obes Rev. 2019 Nov;20(11):1642-1650. doi: 10.1111/obr.12911. Epub 2019 Jul 19.

Abstract

This meta-analysis aimed to assess the weight loss effects of circuit training interventions in adults. A computerized search was conducted using the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, PubMed, and EMBASE online databases. The analysis was restricted to randomized controlled trials that evaluated the effects of circuit training interventions on body weight and body mass index in adults aged 18 years or older. Meta-analyses were conducted using the random-effect model to estimate the weighted mean difference (WMD) with 95% confidence interval (CI). Nine randomized controlled trials (837 participants) were included. Significant intervention effects were identified for body weight (WMD = -3.81 kg, 95% CI -5.60 to -2.02) and body mass index (WMD = -1.77 kg/m2 , 95% CI -2.49 to -1.04). Subgroup analysis by body mass index status showed that the intervention effect was significant only in participants with obesity or overweight (obesity: WMD = -5.15 kg, 95% CI -8.81 to -1.50 and overweight: WMD = -3.89 kg, 95% CI -7.00 to -0.77, respectively) but not in those with normal weight. Current evidence suggests that circuit training effectively reduces body weight and body mass index in adults with overweight and obesity.

Keywords: circuit training; exercise; obesity; weight.

Publication types

  • Meta-Analysis
  • Systematic Review

MeSH terms

  • Body Mass Index
  • Circuit-Based Exercise*
  • Humans
  • Obesity / prevention & control*
  • Randomized Controlled Trials as Topic
  • Treatment Outcome
  • Weight Loss / physiology*