Vaginismus - who takes interest in it?

Ceska Gynekol. 2019 Spring;84(3):233-239.


Objective: Vaginismus is caused by involuntary spasm of muscle surrounding the vaginal wall, a condition which makes it impossible to have a comfortable sexual intercourse. Due to its significant psychogenic part this topic is often neglected by specialists, however it is a very sensitive one for women patients. We are bringing a summary of literature dealing with vaginismus, clarifying the possibilities of diagnostics, therapy and we are discussing relation of this dysfuntion to reproduction.

Design: Review article. Material a methods: Recent scientific articles indexed in Pubmed, Medline, Web of Science, consultation of Czech specialists and discussion forums of patients have been used.

Results: Vaginismus influences the quality of life, in the most serious form in can result in unconsumated marriage, sterility and thus can lead to the separation of a couple. When adeaquately approached the problem can mostly be solved.

Conclusions: There are women for whom vaginismus is a serious problem and who are not able to cope with the situation without specialists help. Deepening the specialists knowledge in this field is essential for successful treatment.

Keywords: dilatation of the vagina; vaginismus; vaginismus and reproduction.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Coitus*
  • Dyspareunia / etiology*
  • Dyspareunia / psychology
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Quality of Life*
  • Vaginismus / diagnosis
  • Vaginismus / psychology*
  • Vaginismus / therapy