Objectives: Our study aimed to determine the prevalence and volumetric estimates of Stafne bone cavities (SBC) on cone beam computed tomography (CBCT) images.
Methods: This retrospective study, which involved the CBCT images of 1141 men and 1260 women with an age range of 10-90 years, aimed to determine the prevalence of SBCs and to calculate their volumes using the semi-automatic segmentation method.
Results: A total of 15 SBCs were diagnosed in 14 patients. Among the detected SBCs, 7.14% were found in a female patient and 92.86% were found in 13 male patients. Of the total number of SBCs, 6.67% were anteriorly located and 93.33% were posteriorly located. Bilateral SBCs had a prevalence of 0.04%; unilateral posterior SBCs 0.54% and anterior SBCs 0.04%. The mean SBC volume was calculated as 338.05 mm3.
Conclusions: The results of our study showed that SBC is a rare anomaly. In contrast to two-dimensional imaging techniques, CBCT allows a precise determination of SBCs' pattern of impact on adjacent bony structures, relationship with the mandibular canal and dimensions.
Keywords: Cone beam computed tomography; Quantitative evaluation; Salivary glands; Stafne bone cavity.