The treatment of castration-resistant (CR) prostate cancer (PCa) is limited. A sub-population of CR PCa tumors can synthesize androgens for intracrine androgen receptor (AR) activation, thus targeting androgen biosynthesis could be an effective therapeutic option for these patients. We determined that androgen biosynthesis inhibitors simvastatin, atorvastatin, and ketoconazole directly inhibit growth, migration, and colony formation of LNCaP C-81 cells, which exhibit de novo androgen biosynthesis, with simvastatin being the most effective. Importantly, in combination treatments, statins specifically enhanced growth suppression with added effects by anti-androgen abiraterone acetate on the CR PCa cells. Thus, statins can be used in conjunction with abiraterone acetate to enhance anti-androgen therapy for CR PCa.
Keywords: Anti-Androgens; Castration-Resistant Prostate Cancer; Combination Treatments; Prostate Cancer; Statins.