Clinicopathological characteristics of non-ampullary duodenal tumors and their phenotypic classification

Pathol Int. 2019 Jul;69(7):398-406. doi: 10.1111/pin.12829. Epub 2019 Jul 21.


The tumorigenesis of non-ampullary duodenal epithelial tumors (NADETs) might be different between the oral and anal sides of Vater's papilla. We conducted an immunohistological review to elucidate the clinicopathological features according to the tumor location and phenotypic classification. A review of an institutional database identified 121 patients with 125 superficial NADETs. NADETs were histologically evaluated and classified into the intestinal or gastric type based on immunohistochemical analysis. Clinicopathological factors were compared based on the tumor location and phenotype. Logistic regression analysis was performed to identify independent predictors for gastric-type NADETs. According to location analysis, the mucin phenotype was significantly different (oral side, intestinal-type 64.8%, gastric-type 35.3%; anal side, intestinal-type 87.3%, gastric-type 12.7%; P < 0.01). Although the incidence of adenoma was significantly predominant in the intestinal type (75.3%), most gastric-type NADETs were cancerous (64.3%). Notably, most gastric-type NADETs were adenocarcinomas even when the tumor size was ≤0 mm. In multivariate analysis, tumor location on the oral side (odds ratio [OR], 4.42), villous structure (OR, 6.44), and low tumor gland density (OR, 9.49) were independent predictors of gastric-type tumors. Gastric-type NADETs significantly differ from intestinal-type NADETs in terms of tumor location, morphology, and biology.

Keywords: biological behavior; logistic regression; non-ampullary duodenal tumor; phenotypic expression; predictive factor.

MeSH terms

  • Adenocarcinoma / pathology
  • Adenoma / pathology
  • Aged
  • Common Bile Duct Neoplasms / classification
  • Common Bile Duct Neoplasms / pathology*
  • Duodenal Neoplasms / classification
  • Duodenal Neoplasms / pathology*
  • Duodenum / pathology*
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Phenotype
  • Stomach / pathology
  • Stomach Neoplasms / classification
  • Stomach Neoplasms / pathology*