Prediction of deficiency-excess pattern in Japanese Kampo medicine: Multi-centre data collection

Complement Ther Med. 2019 Aug;45:228-233. doi: 10.1016/j.ctim.2019.07.003. Epub 2019 Jul 5.


Objective: The purpose of the present study was to compare important patient questionnaire items by creating a random forest model for predicting deficiency-excess pattern diagnosis in six Kampo specialty clinics.

Design: A multi-centre prospective observational study.

Setting: Participants who visited six Kampo specialty clinics in Japan from 2012 to 2015.

Main outcome measure: Deficiency-excess pattern diagnosis made by board-certified Kampo experts.

Methods: To predict the deficiency-excess pattern diagnosis by Kampo experts, we used 153 items as independent variables, namely, age, sex, body mass index, systolic and diastolic blood pressures, and 148 subjective symptoms recorded through a questionnaire. We extracted the 30 most important items in each clinic's random forest model and selected items that were common among the clinics. We integrated participating clinics' data to construct a prediction model in the same manner. We calculated the discriminant ratio using this prediction model for the total six clinics' data and each clinic's independent data.

Results: Fifteen items were commonly listed in top 30 items in each random forest model. The discriminant ratio of the total six clinics' data was 82.3%; moreover, with the exception of one clinic, the independent discriminant ratio of each clinic was approximately 80% each.

Conclusions: We identified common important items in diagnosing a deficiency-excess pattern among six Japanese Kampo clinics. We constructed the integrated prediction model of deficiency-excess pattern.

Keywords: Decision support system; Machine learning; The 11th version of the international classification of diseases (ICD-11); Traditional medicine pattern ((TM1)).

Publication types

  • Multicenter Study
  • Observational Study

MeSH terms

  • Asian Continental Ancestry Group
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Japan
  • Male
  • Medicine, Kampo / statistics & numerical data*
  • Middle Aged
  • Prospective Studies
  • Surveys and Questionnaires