Long-term Outcomes of Patients With Human Herpesvirus 6 Encephalitis

Open Forum Infect Dis. 2019 Jun 5;6(7):ofz269. doi: 10.1093/ofid/ofz269. eCollection 2019 Jul.


Human herpesviruses 6 (HHV-6) A and B cause encephalitis in patients with hematologic malignancies, especially those undergoing allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation. In this cohort of 10 patients, persistent neurologic deficits associated with moderate to severe bilateral hippocampal atrophy were characteristic long-term findings, despite prolonged antiviral treatment.

Keywords: bone marrow transplant; human herpes virus 6 encephalitis; viral encephalitis.