Early tumor assessments have been widely used to predict overall survival (OS), with potential application to dose selection and early go/no-go decisions. Most published tumor dynamic models assume a uniform pattern of tumor growth dynamics (TGDs). We developed a mixture TGD model to characterize different patterns of longitudinal tumor sizes. Data from 688 patients with advanced melanoma who received ipilimumab 3 or 10 mg/kg every 3 weeks in a phase III study (NCT01515189) were used in a TGD-OS analysis. The mixture model described TGD profiles using three subpopulations (no-growth, intermediate, and fast). The TGD model showed a positive exposure/dose-response (i.e., a higher proportion of patients in no/intermediate growth subpopulations and a lower tumor growth rate with ipilimumab 10 mg/kg relative to the 3 mg/kg dose). Finally, the mixture TGD model-based measures of tumor response provided better predictions of OS compared with the nonmixture model.
© 2019 Bristol-Myers Squibb CPT: Pharmacometrics & Systems Pharmacology published by Wiley Periodicals, Inc. on behalf of the American Society for Clinical Pharmacology and Therapeutics.