Microbial translocation into amniotic fluid of vervet monkeys is common and unrelated to adverse infant outcomes

J Med Primatol. 2019 Dec;48(6):367-369. doi: 10.1111/jmp.12432. Epub 2019 Jul 23.


Amniotic fluid was collected from pregnant female African green monkeys (n = 20). Analyses indicate microbial translocation into amniotic fluid during pregnancy is typical, and microbial load reduces across gestation. Microbial translocation does not relate to infant outcome or maternal factors. Lastly, we demonstrate that sample contamination is easily introduced and detectable.

Keywords: amniotic fluid; bacteria; microbial translocation; pregnancy; sterility.

Publication types

  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural

MeSH terms

  • Amniotic Fluid / microbiology*
  • Animals
  • Bacterial Infections / microbiology
  • Bacterial Infections / veterinary*
  • Chlorocebus aethiops / microbiology*
  • Female
  • Pregnancy
  • Pregnancy Complications, Infectious / microbiology
  • Pregnancy Complications, Infectious / veterinary*