Postnatal Outcome Following Prenatal Diagnosis of Discordant Atrioventricular and Ventriculoarterial Connections

Pediatr Cardiol. 2019 Oct;40(7):1509-1515. doi: 10.1007/s00246-019-02176-2. Epub 2019 Jul 25.


Discordant atrioventricular and ventriculoarterial connection(s) (DAVVAC) are a rare group of congenital heart lesions. DAVVAC can be isolated or associated with a variety of other cardiac abnormalities. Previous studies examining the outcome of prenatally diagnosed DAVVAC have described only fetal and early postnatal outcome in small cohorts. We aimed to describe the medium-term outcome of these fetuses. Cases were identified by searching the fetal cardiac databases of two centers. Follow-up data were collected from the electronic patient records. We identified 98 fetuses with DAVVAC. 39 pregnancies were terminated and 51 resulted in a liveborn infant. Postnatal data were available for 43 patients. The median length of follow-up was 9.5 years (range 36 days to 22.7 years). The overall 5-year survival of the cohort was 80% (95% confidence interval 74-86%), no deaths were seen after this period. Associated cardiac lesions had a significant effect on both survival and surgery-free survival. Isolated DAVVAC and DAVVAC with pulmonary stenosis ± ventricular septal defect had a low mortality (89% and 100% 5-year survival, respectively). Poorer survival was seen in the group with Ebstein's anomaly of the tricuspid valve, and other complex cardiac abnormalities. Antenatal tricuspid regurgitation had a significant negative impact on postnatal survival. In conclusion, the short- and medium-term outlook for fetuses with isolated DAVVAC, and those with DAVVAC and pulmonary stenosis are good. Antenatal risk factors for postnatal mortality include Ebstein's anomaly of the tricuspid valve, especially if associated with tricuspid regurgitation, and the presence of complex associated lesions.

Keywords: Congenitally corrected transposition of the great arteries; Discordant atrioventricular and ventriculoarterial connections; Fetal cardiology.

Publication types

  • Multicenter Study

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Child
  • Child, Preschool
  • Cohort Studies
  • Congenitally Corrected Transposition of the Great Arteries / mortality*
  • Congenitally Corrected Transposition of the Great Arteries / surgery
  • Female
  • Heart Septal Defects, Ventricular / mortality*
  • Heart Septal Defects, Ventricular / physiopathology
  • Humans
  • Infant
  • Male
  • Pregnancy
  • Prenatal Diagnosis
  • Pulmonary Valve Stenosis / mortality*
  • Pulmonary Valve Stenosis / physiopathology
  • Young Adult