Background and objective: To evaluate changes in retrobulbar blood flow by using color Doppler ultrasonography (CDUS) after intravitreal ranibizumab injection in patients with neovascular age-related macular degeneration (AMD).
Patients and methods: Eighteen patients who had undergone intravitreal ranibizumab (0.05 mg/0.05 mL) injection due to choroidal neovascular membrane (CNVM) were included in the study. Contralateral eyes of the patients were also analyzed. Peak systolic velocity (PSV), end diastolic velocity (EDV), pulsatility index (PI), and resistivity index (RI) were measured from the ophthalmic artery (OA), central retinal artery (CRA), lateral posterior ciliary artery (LPCA), and medial posterior ciliary artery (MPCA) for all patients pre-injection, and at 1 day, 1 week, and 1 month after ranibizumab injection.
Results: The mean age of the 18 patients included in the study was 66.94 years (± 8.3 years). Of these 18 patients, eight were female and 10 were male. After Bonferroni's correction for multiple comparisons was carried out, there were significant differences only in some values of LPCA; these included the decrease in EDV and an increase in PI values of LPCA between the pre-injection and post-injection of the first month measurements in uninjected eyes (P = .002, P = .002), and a decrease in PI value of LPCA between post-injection first day and first week measurements in injected eyes (P = .004). There were no statistically significant differences in other parameters.
Conclusion: Ocular blood flow velocities may change after intravitreal ranibizumab injection in patients with CNVM. [Ophthalmic Surg Lasers Imaging Retina. 2019;50:437-443.].
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