MELAS-syndrome (mitochondrial myopathy, encephalomyopathy, lactic acidosis, and stroke-like episodes) is a multisystem disorder with various presentations. Common clinical manifestations include stroke-like episodes, encephalopathy with seizures, muscle weakness, recurrent headaches and vomiting, hearing impairment, and short stature. Uncommon clinical presentations like cerebral venous thrombosis, which is almost unprecedented for MELAS-syndrome, impede correct diagnosis. We describe a novel presentation of MELAS-syndrome with severe cerebral venous thrombosis (CVT) and inflammation with a vasculopathy that affects the venous system as well. This case does not only extend the clinical spectrum of a multifaceted disease, but offers new clues for the pathomechanism of MELAS-syndrome.
Keywords: Autoimmunity; Cerebral venous thrombosis; Endothelial dysfunction; MELAS-syndrome; Mitochondrial angiopathy.
Copyright © 2019 The Japanese Society of Child Neurology. Published by Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.