We studied the relationships between body composition parameters and plasma levels of pancreatic, gut, and adipose tissue hormones regulating energy balance and glucose metabolism in diabetic db/db mice (BKS.Cg-Dock7m+/+Leprdb/J). The body composition parameters in mice aged 8, 12, and 16 weeks were assessed by magnetic resonance imaging. The concentrations of insulin, glucagon, ghrelin, glucagon-like peptide-1, glucose-dependent immunotropic peptide, leptin, resistin, and plasminogen activator-1 were measured by multiplex analysis at the age of 8 and 16 weeks. In comparison with non-diabetic control (db/+), db/db mice demonstrated high fat mass and reduced lean body mass and water content. In 8- and 16-week-old db/db mice, the levels of leptin (p<0.001), insulin (p<0.01), and glucagon-like peptide-1 (p<0.05) were elevated and the concentration of ghrelin (p<0.05) was reduced. The body weight and fat mass positively correlated with the levels of leptin, insulin, plasminogen activator-1, and glucagon-like peptide-1 and negatively correlated with ghrelin concentration. The results provide further details for characteristics of db/db mice, a widely used model of obesity and type 2 diabetes mellitus.
Keywords: body composition; db/db mice; diabetes mellitus; hormone; obesity.