An expanded landscape of human long noncoding RNA

Nucleic Acids Res. 2019 Sep 5;47(15):7842-7856. doi: 10.1093/nar/gkz621.


Long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) are emerging as key regulators of multiple essential biological processes involved in physiology and pathology. By analyzing the largest compendium of 14,166 samples from normal and tumor tissues, we significantly expand the landscape of human long noncoding RNA with a high-quality atlas: RefLnc (Reference catalog of LncRNA). Powered by comprehensive annotation across multiple sources, RefLnc helps to pinpoint 275 novel intergenic lncRNAs correlated with sex, age or race as well as 369 novel ones associated with patient survival, clinical stage, tumor metastasis or recurrence. Integrated in a user-friendly online portal, the expanded catalog of human lncRNAs provides a valuable resource for investigating lncRNA function in both human biology and cancer development.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Age Factors
  • Atlases as Topic
  • Humans
  • Molecular Sequence Annotation
  • Neoplasm Metastasis
  • Neoplasm Recurrence, Local / ethnology
  • Neoplasm Recurrence, Local / genetics*
  • Neoplasm Recurrence, Local / mortality
  • Neoplasm Recurrence, Local / pathology
  • Neoplasm Staging
  • Neoplasms / classification
  • Neoplasms / ethnology
  • Neoplasms / genetics*
  • Neoplasms / mortality
  • RNA, Long Noncoding / classification
  • RNA, Long Noncoding / genetics*
  • RNA, Long Noncoding / metabolism
  • RNA, Messenger / classification
  • RNA, Messenger / genetics*
  • RNA, Messenger / metabolism
  • Racial Groups
  • Sex Factors
  • Survival Analysis


  • RNA, Long Noncoding
  • RNA, Messenger