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. 2019 Sep;181:52-58.
doi: 10.1016/j.thromres.2019.07.006. Epub 2019 Jul 12.

aCL/β 2 GPI and aPS/PT Show Synergic Thrombogenic Effects in Suppressing Anticoagulant Activity of APC and Stimulating Tissue Factor Expression and TNF-α Secretion by Mononuclear Cells

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aCL/β 2 GPI and aPS/PT Show Synergic Thrombogenic Effects in Suppressing Anticoagulant Activity of APC and Stimulating Tissue Factor Expression and TNF-α Secretion by Mononuclear Cells

Risa Kaneshige et al. Thromb Res. .

Abstract

Introduction: Patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) possessing anti-phospholipid antibodies (aPLs) are often complicated by thrombotic vascular events. aPLs commonly associated with the complications are anti-cardiolipin/β2-glycoprotein I antibodies (aCL/β2GPI) and anti-phosphatidylserine/prothrombin antibodies (aPS/PT). However, the pathological mechanisms leading to thrombosis remain unclear. We explored clinical features of SLE patients with aCL/β2GPI and aPS/PT and investigated thrombogenic effects of their IgG fractions.

Materials and methods: We enrolled 97 SLE patients and 38 healthy control volunteers and performed activated protein C (APC) resistance screening test using their plasma samples. To detect the direct effect of aPLs IgG on APC, we developed an APC sensitivity ratio assay. Effects of aPLs IgG on monocytes were studied by measuring the surface expression of tissue factor (TF) and excretion of TNF-α from peripheral blood mononuclear cell culture.

Results and conclusion: Thrombotic complications among SLE patients were closely associated with aCL/β2GPI or aPS/PT, with higher prevalence in patients with both antibodies. Addition of aPLs(+)-IgG to the APC sensitivity ratio assay led to significant suppression of the anticoagulant activity of APC. The suppression was more pronounced in double-positive cases. TF expression on monocytes and concentration of TNF-α in culture medium were increased by aPLs, again more pronounced in double-positive cases. These results indicate that the effects of aCL/β2GPI and aPS/PT are synergic both for APC anticoagulant activity and for production of TF and TNF-α from mononuclear cells. These modes of thrombogenic action of aPLs could be an important target for developing specific measures to prevent complications of SLE.

Keywords: Anti-cardiolipin/β(2)-glycoprotein I antibodies; Anti-phosphatidylserine/prothrombin antibodies; Anti-phospholipid antibodies; Systemic lupus erythematosus; Thrombosis.

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