Analysis of venom sac constituents from the solitary, aculeate wasp Cerceris rybyensis

Toxicon. 2019 Nov;169:1-4. doi: 10.1016/j.toxicon.2019.07.012. Epub 2019 Jul 25.


Solitary aculeate wasps are abundant and diverse hymenopteran insects that disable prey using venom. The venom may possess neuromodulation, immunomodulatory, metabolic-modulatory and antimicrobial functions. Venom analysis of transcriptomes and proteomes has been previously performed in social and parasitoid wasp species. We develop methodologies including mass spectrometry-based shotgun proteomics to analyse the protein constituents from venom sacs of the solitary aculeate wasp Cerceris rybyensis. The venom sac constituents of C. rybyensis are discussed with respect to other wasp species.

Keywords: Cerceris; Hymenoptera; Mass spectrometry; Proteomics; Venom sac.

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Female
  • Proteomics
  • Tandem Mass Spectrometry
  • Wasp Venoms / chemistry*
  • Wasps / chemistry*


  • Wasp Venoms