The right to refuse diagnostics and treatment planning by artificial intelligence

Med Health Care Philos. 2020 Mar;23(1):107-114. doi: 10.1007/s11019-019-09912-8.


In an analysis of artificially intelligent systems for medical diagnostics and treatment planning we argue that patients should be able to exercise a right to withdraw from AI diagnostics and treatment planning for reasons related to (1) the physician's role in the patients' formation of and acting on personal preferences and values, (2) the bias and opacity problem of AI systems, and (3) rational concerns about the future societal effects of introducing AI systems in the health care sector.

Keywords: Artificial intelligence; Bias and discrimination; Health care; Rational concern; Right to refuse.

MeSH terms

  • Artificial Intelligence / standards*
  • Diagnostic Techniques and Procedures / standards*
  • Humans
  • Patient Acceptance of Health Care*
  • Patient Care Planning / organization & administration*
  • Patient Care Planning / standards
  • Patient Preference
  • Physician's Role