Recent studies have shown that sodium-glucose cotransporter 2 inhibitors decrease the risk of heart failure in patients with type 2 diabetes. However, the precise mechanisms of action of these drugs are not well understood. In the present study, we evaluated the effect of treatment with tofogliflozin for 6 months on cardiac and vascular endothelial function in 26 patients with type 2 diabetes and heart diseases. Tofogliflozin treatment significantly decreased left ventricular end-diastolic dimensions and significantly increased flow-mediated vasodilation. Although E/e' did not significantly change after treatment, the decrease observed in the E/e' ratio was significantly correlated with the increase in acetoacetic acid and 3-hydroxybutyrate levels. These results suggest that sodium-glucose cotransporter 2 inhibitor might improve left ventricular dilatation and vascular endothelial function in patients with type 2 diabetes. Furthermore, it is suggested that the elevation of ketone bodies induced by sodium-glucose cotransporter 2 inhibitors might contribute to a protective effect in left ventricular diastolic dysfunction.
Keywords: Ketone body; Left ventricular diastolic function; Sodium-glucose cotransporter 2 inhibitor.
© 2019 The Authors. Journal of Diabetes Investigation published by Asian Association for the Study of Diabetes (AASD) and John Wiley & Sons Australia, Ltd.