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. 2019 Mar 19;76(7):436-443.
doi: 10.1093/ajhp/zxy085.

Derivation and Validation of a Hospital All-Cause 30-day Readmission Index

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Derivation and Validation of a Hospital All-Cause 30-day Readmission Index

Taylor M Franckowiak et al. Am J Health Syst Pharm. .

Abstract

Purpose: The study derives and validates a 30-day hospital readmission risk index to predict a patient's likelihood of readmission, utilizing a health systems electronic medical record.

Methods: A retrospective data extraction and analysis was conducted using data from the electronic medical record to identify risks of 30-day all-cause hospital readmission on adult patients admitted to a large multi-site health system. Univariate and multivariable logistic regression was performed on a derivation cohort of hospital admissions (n = 40,668) and analyzed 91 variables associated with 30-day hospital readmission. A 10-variable risk prediction equation was generated and validated in a second patient cohort (n = 7,820). The prediction index's discriminative ability was determined using the c-statistic, and calibration of the prediction index was assessed with the use of the Hosmer-Lemeshow test.

Results: The hospital all-cause thirty-day readmission index (HATRIX) identified 10 variables to be highly associated with 30-day readmission. The discriminative ability of the derived prediction equation was determined using the c-statistic and was calculated to be 0.73 (95% confidence interval [CI] 0.72-0.73) for the derivation cohort. The prediction equation was validated using a second cohort of patients and resulted with an area under the curve (AUC) of 0.72 (95% CI 0.70-0.73), indicating modest discrimination.

Conclusion: An original risk prediction index for 30-day hospital readmission was derived and validated using 2 cohorts of patients. Identifying patients who have an increased risk of 30-day hospital readmission with the use of the electronic medical record is an ideal method for targeting interventions and improving transitions-of-care to reduce hospital readmissions.

Keywords: index; pharmacist; pharmacy; readmission; tool; transitions of care.

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