Purpose: Aniridia is a rare congenital eye disease, characterized by a constellation of symptoms including hypoplastic irides, foveal hypoplasia, early cataract, corneal stem cell deficiency, and glaucoma. Large chromosomal deletions spanning the PAX6 gene cause WAGR syndrome (Wilms tumor, aniridia, genitourinary anomalies, and intellectual disability [formerly called mental retardation]). We describe clinical and genetic studies of a three-generation pedigree with aniridia along with additional systemic conditions (morbid obesity, diabetes) suggesting the possibility of a contiguous-gene syndrome like WAGR.Methods: Clinical records were obtained and DNA was prepared from blood samples from three of the four patients and tested for mutations in the coding sequences of the PAX6 gene. The index patient also had cardiomyopathy and was tested for known cardiomyopathy genetic mutations using a next-generation DNA sequencing assay.Results: We discovered a novel intragenic PAX6 mutation, a 16 bp heterozygous deletion c.203delCCAGGGCAATCGGTGG, with Sanger sequencing that is the likely cause of autosomal dominant aniridia in this pedigree. This PAX6 deletion causes a frameshift in predicted protein translation and a subsequent premature termination, p.Pro68Leufs*6. The PAX6 deletion was detected in all three available family members with aniridia, the index patient, his mother, and his maternal aunt but was not observed in the
Keywords: Aniridia; PAX6; diabetes; glaucoma; obesity.