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. 2019 Oct;33(10):e22379.
doi: 10.1002/jbt.22379. Epub 2019 Jul 31.

Neonicotinoid Pesticides Poorly Interact With Human Drug Transporters


Neonicotinoid Pesticides Poorly Interact With Human Drug Transporters

Marc Le Vée et al. J Biochem Mol Toxicol. .


The interactions of six neonicotinoid pesticides and one neonicotinoid metabolite with drug transporters have been characterized in vitro. Acetamiprid, clothianidin, imidacloprid, nitenpyram, thiacloprid and its metabolite thiacloprid amide, and thiamethoxam, each used at 100 µM, did not impair activity of the efflux pumps P-glycoprotein, multidrug resistance-associated proteins, and breast cancer resistance protein. They also did not inhibit that of the uptake transporters OATP1B1, OATP1B3, OAT4, and MATE1, whereas that of OATP2B1, OAT1, and MATE2-K was affected by only one of the seven neonicotinoids. Activity of OCT1 was moderately stimulated (up to 1.5-fold) by several neonicotinoids. By contrast, that of OAT3 and OCT2 was inhibited by most (OAT3), if not all (OCT2), neonicotinoids, with IC50 values in the 20 to 60 µM range for thiacloprid, likely not relevant to environmental exposure. Thiacloprid was moreover not transported by OAT3 and OCT2. Overall, these data suggest that neonicotinoid pesticides rather poorly interact with drug transporter activities.

Keywords: drug transporters; inhibition; neonicotinoids; pesticides; thiacloprid.

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