Intensity Modulated Photothermal Measurements of NO 2 with a Compact Fiber-Coupled Fabry-Pérot Interferometer

Sensors (Basel). 2019 Jul 30;19(15):3341. doi: 10.3390/s19153341.

Abstract

Sensors for the reliable measurement of nitrogen dioxide concentrations are of high interest due the adverse health effects of this pollutant. This work employs photothermal spectroscopy to measure nitrogen dioxide concentrations at the parts per billion level. Absorption induced temperature changes are detected by means of a fiber-coupled Fabry-Pérot interferometer. The small size of the interferometer enables small detection volumes, paving the way for miniaturized sensing concepts as well as fast response times, demonstrated down to 3 s. A normalized noise equivalent absorption of 7.5 × 10 - 8 cm-1W/ Hz is achieved. Additionally, due to the rigid structure of the interferometer, the sensitivity to mechanical vibrations is shown to be minor.

Keywords: gas sensor; nitrogen dioxide; optical microphone; photothermal interferometry.