Qualitative thematic analysis based on descriptive phenomenology

Nurs Open. 2019 Apr 7;6(3):733-739. doi: 10.1002/nop2.275. eCollection 2019 Jul.

Abstract

Aim: The aim of this paper was to discuss how to understand and undertake thematic analysis based on descriptive phenomenology. Methodological principles to guide the process of analysis are offered grounded on phenomenological philosophy. This is further discussed in relation to how scientific rigour and validity can be achieved.

Design: This is a discursive article on thematic analysis based on descriptive phenomenology.

Results: This paper takes thematic analysis based on a descriptive phenomenological tradition forward and provides a useful description on how to undertake the analysis. Ontological and epistemological foundations of descriptive phenomenology are outlined. Methodological principles are explained to guide the process of analysis, as well as help to understand validity and rigour. Researchers and students in nursing and midwifery conducting qualitative research need comprehensible and valid methods to analyse the meaning of lived experiences and organize data in meaningful ways.

Keywords: healthcare research; lifeworld; lived experiences; meanings; midwifery; nursing; phenomenology; qualitative; thematic analysis.