Anorexia of Aging Associated with Nutrients Intake in Brazilian Elderly

J Nutr Health Aging. 2019;23(7):606-613. doi: 10.1007/s12603-019-1224-8.

Abstract

This study evaluated the association between anorexia of aging and nutrients intake. It was a cross-sectional study with 130 individuals aged 60 years or older, undergoing outpatient care in the city of Campinas, São Paulo. Anorexia of Aging (AA) was assessed using the Simplified Nutrition Appetite Questionnaire (SNAQ), and food consumption was evaluated using the 24-hour recall (24HR). The prevalence of AA was 27.7%, in which 66.7% were women and 38.9% were older than 80 years. Elderly with AA presented lower intake of calories (1172.6 kcal vs 1477.9 kcal; p = 0.003), carbohydrates (158.5 g vs 194.1 g; p = 0.015), proteins (49.9 g vs 68.5 g; p = 0.004) and lipids (34.6 g vs 46.1 g; p = 0.006). They also had lower intake of fibers (12.6 g vs 19.4 g; p < 0.001), iron (6.4 mg vs 8.9 mg; p < 0.001) and zinc (6.0 mg vs 8.5 mg; p = 0.004). Our results show that intake of most nutrients is significantly lower in AA elderly, except carbohydrates, which may point to worse-quality diets. The diagnosis of AA, as well as the evaluation of elderly food intake, are essential to prevent undernutrition, vulnerabilities, and increased morbidity and mortality.

Keywords: Older adults; appetite; food consumption; nutrition.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Aged
  • Aged, 80 and over
  • Aging
  • Anorexia / diagnosis*
  • Appetite
  • Brazil
  • Cross-Sectional Studies
  • Diet*
  • Energy Intake / physiology*
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Nutrients / analysis
  • Nutritional Status / physiology*
  • Surveys and Questionnaires