A Unified Framework for Quality Indexing and Classification of Seismocardiogram Signals

IEEE J Biomed Health Inform. 2020 Apr;24(4):1080-1092. doi: 10.1109/JBHI.2019.2931348. Epub 2019 Jul 26.


The seismocardiogram (SCG) is a noninvasively-obtained cardiovascular bio-signal that has gained traction in recent years, however is limited by its susceptibility to noise and motion artifacts. Because of this, signal quality must be assured before data are used to inform clinical care. Common methods of signal quality assurance include signal classification or assignment of a numerical quality index. Such tasks are difficult with SCG because there is no accepted standard for signal morphology. In this paper, we propose a unified method of quality indexing and classification that uses multi-subject-based methods to overcome this challenge. Dynamic-time feature matching is introduced as a novel method of obtaining the distance between a signal and reference template, with this metric, the signal quality index (SQI) is defined as a function of the inverse distance between the SCG and a large set of template signals. We demonstrate that this method is able to stratify SCG signals on held-out subjects based on their level of motion-artifact corruption. This method is extended, using the SQI as a feature for classification by ensembled quadratic discriminant analysis. Classification is validated by demonstrating, for the first time, both detection and localization of SCG sensor misplacement, achieving an F1 score of 0.83 on held-out subjects. This paper may provide a necessary step toward automating the analysis of SCG signals, addressing many of the key limitations and concerns precluding the method from being widely used in clinical and physiological sensing applications.

Publication types

  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Algorithms
  • Female
  • Heart / physiology
  • Heart Function Tests / methods*
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Signal Processing, Computer-Assisted*
  • Young Adult