Synthesis of Hierarchical Porous Carbon in Molten Salt and Its Application for Dye Adsorption

Nanomaterials (Basel). 2019 Jul 31;9(8):1098. doi: 10.3390/nano9081098.


Hierarchical porous carbon was successfully synthesized from glucose in a molten salt at 800 °C for 2 h. It was amorphous and contained numerous oxygen containing functional groups on its surface. The porous carbon with 1.0 wt% Fe(NO3)3·9H2O oxidizing agent showed the highest specific surface area of 1078 m2/g, and the largest pore volume of 0.636 cm3/g, among all of the samples. Raman and TEM results revealed that it had more defects and pores than other as-prepared carbon materials. The adsorption capacities of as-prepared porous carbon for methylene blue (MB) and methyl orange (MO) were 506.8 mg/g and 683.8 mg/g, respectively. The adsorption isotherms fit the Langmuir model and the adsorption kinetics followed the pseudo-second-order kinetic model.

Keywords: Fe(NO3)3·9H2O; dye adsorption; hierarchically porous carbon; molten salt method.