Minimally invasive treatment can offer an earlier recovery with less pain and scarring compared with traditional open surgeries. The goals of minimally invasive surgery are to debride degenerative tendon, stimulate healing, and, when appropriate, repair damaged tendon. Sclerotherapy and prolotherapy have been shown to reduce neovascularization and pain. Percutaneous stripping and endoscopic debridement are better options for diffuse tendinopathy. Plantaris release can be useful in diffuse disease in patients with primarily medial-sided Achilles pain. Overall, minimally invasive surgery provides similar benefits as open procedures with reduced complications and morbidity.
Keywords: Achilles stripping; Achilles tendinopathy; Endoscopy; Longitudinal tenotomy; Minimally invasive; Prolotherapy; Sclerotherapy.
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