The pivotal role of sampling recurrent tumors in the precision care of patients with tumors of the central nervous system

Cold Spring Harb Mol Case Stud. 2019 Aug 1;5(4):a004143. doi: 10.1101/mcs.a004143. Print 2019 Aug.

Abstract

Effective management of brain and spine tumors relies on a multidisciplinary approach encompassing surgery, radiation, and systemic therapy. In the era of personalized oncology, the latter is complemented by various molecularly targeting agents. Precise identification of cellular targets for these drugs requires comprehensive profiling of the cancer genome coupled with an efficient analytic pipeline, leading to an informed decision on drug selection, prognosis, and confirmation of the original pathological diagnosis. Acquisition of optimal tumor tissue for such analysis is paramount and often presents logistical challenges in neurosurgery. Here, we describe the experience and results of the Personalized OncoGenomics (POG) program with a focus on tumors of the central nervous system (CNS). Patients with recurrent CNS tumors were consented and enrolled into the POG program prior to accrual of tumor and matched blood followed by whole-genome and transcriptome sequencing and processing through the POG bioinformatic pipeline. Sixteen patients were enrolled into POG. In each case, POG analyses identified genomic drivers including novel oncogenic fusions, aberrant pathways, and putative therapeutic targets. POG has highlighted that personalized oncology is truly a multidisciplinary field, one in which neurosurgeons must play a vital role if these programs are to succeed and benefit our patients.

Trial registration: ClinicalTrials.gov NCT02155621.

Keywords: neoplasm of the central nervous system; neoplasm of the peripheral nervous system.

Publication types

  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Central Nervous System Neoplasms / genetics*
  • Central Nervous System Neoplasms / therapy*
  • Female
  • Genomics / methods
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Neoplasm Recurrence, Local / diagnosis*
  • Neoplasm Recurrence, Local / genetics
  • Precision Medicine / methods*
  • Prognosis
  • Whole Exome Sequencing / methods

Associated data

  • ClinicalTrials.gov/NCT02155621