The mechanisms by which lamin A/C in CD4+ T-cells control intestinal homeostasis and can cause inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) are unknown. Here, we explore lamin A/C in a mouse model of IBD. Adoptive transfer to Rag1-/- mice of Lmna-/- CD4+ T-cells, which have enhanced regulatory T-cells (Treg) differentiation and function, induced less severe IBD than wild-type T-cells. Lamin A/C deficiency in CD4+ T-cells enhanced transcription of the Treg master regulator FOXP3, thus promoting Treg differentiation, and reduced Th1 polarization, due to epigenetic changes in the Th1 master regulator T-bet. In mesenteric lymph nodes, retinoic acid (RA) released by CD103+ dendritic cells downregulated lamin A/C in CD4+ T-cells, enhancing Treg differentiation. However, non-RA-producing CD103- dendritic cells predominated in peripheral lymph nodes, facilitating lamin A/C expression in CD4+ T-cells and therefore Th1 differentiation. Our findings establish lamin A/C as a key regulator of Th differentiation in physiological conditions and show it as a potential immune-regulatory target in IBD. © 2019 Pathological Society of Great Britain and Ireland. Published by John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
Keywords: CD4+ T-cells; FOXP3; inflammatory bowel disease; lamin A/C; regulatory T-cell.
© 2019 Pathological Society of Great Britain and Ireland. Published by John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.