Textiles represent an appealing platform for continuous wearable applications due to the exceptional combination of compliance, water vapor permeability, and comfortableness for long-term wear. We present mechanically and electrically robust integration of nanocomposites with textiles by laser scribing and heat press lamination. The simple and scalable integration technique enables multifunctional E-textiles without compromising the stretchability, wearability, and washability of textiles. The textile-integrated patterns exhibit small line width (135 μm), low sheet resistance (0.2 Ω/sq), low Young's modulus, good washability, and good electromechanical performance up to 50% strain, which is desirable for wearable and user-friendly electronic textiles. To demonstrate the potential utility, we developed an integrated textile patch comprising four dry electrophysiological electrodes, a capacitive strain sensor, and a wireless heater for electrophysiological monitoring, motion tracking, and thermotherapy, respectively. Beyond the applications demonstrated in this paper, the materials and methods presented here pave the way for various other wearable applications in health care, activity tracking, rehabilitation, sports medicine, and human-machine interactions.
Keywords: activity tracking; electronic textiles; health monitoring; nanomaterials; silver nanowires; thermotherapy.