A novel structurally characterized haloacid dehalogenase superfamily phosphatase from Thermococcus thioreducens with diverse substrate specificity

Acta Crystallogr D Struct Biol. 2019 Aug 1;75(Pt 8):743-752. doi: 10.1107/S2059798319009586. Epub 2019 Jul 30.

Abstract

The haloacid dehalogenase (HAD) superfamily is one of the largest known groups of enzymes and the majority of its members catalyze the hydrolysis of phosphoric acid monoesters into a phosphate ion and an alcohol. Despite the fact that sequence similarity between HAD phosphatases is generally very low, the members of the family possess some characteristic features, such as a Rossmann-like fold, HAD signature motifs or the requirement for Mg2+ ion as an obligatory cofactor. This study focuses on a new hypothetical HAD phosphatase from Thermococcus thioreducens. The protein crystallized in space group P21212, with unit-cell parameters a = 66.3, b = 117.0, c = 33.8 Å, and the crystals contained one molecule in the asymmetric unit. The protein structure was determined by X-ray crystallography and was refined to 1.75 Å resolution. The structure revealed a putative active site common to all HAD members. Computational docking into the crystal structure was used to propose substrates of the enzyme. The activity of this thermophilic enzyme towards several of the selected substrates was confirmed at temperatures of 37°C as well as 60°C.

Keywords: HAD superfamily; crystal structure; docking; hypothetical phosphatase; phosphatase assay.

MeSH terms

  • Binding Sites
  • Catalytic Domain
  • Crystallography, X-Ray / methods
  • Hydrolases / chemistry*
  • Kinetics
  • Models, Molecular
  • Phosphoric Monoester Hydrolases / chemistry*
  • Substrate Specificity
  • Thermococcus / enzymology*

Substances

  • Hydrolases
  • Phosphoric Monoester Hydrolases
  • 2-haloacid dehalogenase