Cancer Screening in Women

Obstet Gynecol Clin North Am. 2019 Sep;46(3):485-499. doi: 10.1016/j.ogc.2019.04.007.


Advancements in cancer screening techniques have allowed for earlier detection of cancer at premalignant or early stages of disease. Several organizations have guidelines for screening strategies for breast, cervical, colon, and lung cancer. Ovarian cancer remains the deadliest cancer of the female reproductive tract; however, guidelines have yet to be shown effective in identifying ovarian cancer at earlier stages. It is important that providers familiarize themselves with up-to-date screening strategies in women at average risk and at increased risk of disease. The provider's role in guiding patients toward screening programs and counseling regarding risk reduction is one of the most important.

Keywords: Cancer screening guidelines; Female cancer screening; Female cancer statistics.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Breast Neoplasms / diagnosis
  • Breast Neoplasms / genetics
  • Child
  • Colorectal Neoplasms / diagnosis
  • Early Detection of Cancer
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Mass Screening* / methods
  • Middle Aged
  • Neoplasms / diagnosis*
  • Neoplasms / genetics
  • Ovarian Neoplasms / diagnosis
  • Ovarian Neoplasms / genetics
  • Risk Factors
  • Uterine Cervical Neoplasms / diagnosis
  • Women's Health*
  • Young Adult