Introduction: Immunotherapeutic approaches targeting amyloid β (Aβ) protein and tau in Alzheimer's disease and α-synuclein (α-syn) in Parkinson's disease are being developed for treating dementia with Lewy bodies. However, it is unknown if single or combined immunotherapies targeting Aβ and/or α-syn may be effective.
Methods: Amyloid precursor protein/α-syn tg mice were immunized with AFFITOPEs® (AFF) peptides specific to Aβ (AD02) or α-syn (PD-AFF1) and the combination.
Results: AD02 more effectively reduced Aβ and pTau burden; however, the combination exhibited some additive effects. Both AD02 and PD-AFF1 effectively reduced α-syn, ameliorated degeneration of pyramidal neurons, and reduced neuroinflammation. PD-AFF1 more effectively ameliorated cholinergic and dopaminergic fiber loss; the combined immunization displayed additive effects. AD02 more effectively improved buried pellet test behavior, whereas PD-AFF1 more effectively improved horizontal beam test; the combined immunization displayed additive effects.
Discussion: Specific active immunotherapy targeting Aβ and/or α-syn may be of potential interest for the treatment of dementia with Lewy bodies.
Keywords: AFFITOPE®; Alzheimer's disease; Dementia with Lewy bodies; Immunization; Immunotherapy; α-synuclein.
Copyright © 2019. Published by Elsevier Inc.