Linear-array Endoscopic Ultrasound Improves the Accuracy of Preoperative Submucosal Invasion Prediction in Suspected Early Gastric Cancer Compared With Radial Endoscopic Ultrasound: A Prospective Cohort Study

J Gastroenterol Hepatol. 2020 Jan;35(1):118-123. doi: 10.1111/jgh.14819. Epub 2019 Sep 1.


Background and aim: There is a lack of literature comparing linear endoscopic ultrasound (EUS) and radial EUS for the prediction of the depth of invasion in early gastric cancer (EGC). The aim of this study is to evaluate the accuracy of linear EUS for the diagnosis of submucosal (SM) invasion and compare linear EUS with radial EUS in suspected EGC patients.

Methods: Seventy-two consecutive patients with suspected EGC who underwent a preoperative assessment using linear EUS or radial EUS were prospectively enrolled. The depth of invasion was categorized into mucosal to SM (< T1b) and SM or deeper (≥ T1b), and the EUS-determined diagnosis was compared with postoperative histopathological findings.

Results: Thirty-nine patients underwent radial EUS, and 33 patients underwent linear EUS examination. The baseline characteristics between the groups were well balanced. The diagnostic accuracy was much higher for patients who underwent linear EUS compared with radial EUS (90.9% vs 69.2%, P = 0.024). The sensitivity was 92.3% (95% confidence interval [CI] 66.7-98.6%) for linear EUS and 90.9% (95% CI 62.3-98.4%) for radial EUS. The specificity was 90.0% (95% CI 69.9-97.2%) in the linear EUS group, while the specificity was 60.7% (95% CI 42.4-76.4%) in the radial EUS group. Univariate analysis showed that EUS type (odds ratio 0.225, 95% CI 0.057-0.884, P = 0.033) was an associated risk factor of incorrect T1b staging in EGC patients. The area under the receiver operating curve was 0.912 and 0.758 for linear and radial EUS, respectively.

Conclusion: Linear EUS was more accurate for determining SM invasion and therapeutic strategy in suspected EGC patients compared with radial EUS.

Keywords: Endoscopic ultrasound; Endoscopy: upper GI; Gastric cancer: clinical research.