G-protein coupled receptor 119 (GPR119) expression in pancreatic β-cells and intestinal L cells is a potential therapeutic target for treating type 2 diabetes. A natural GPR119 agonist oleoylethanolamide is well known to enhance a glucose-stimulated insulin secretion (GSIS) and glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) secretion by elevating intracellular cAMP levels. In the present study, a glucose lowering effect of the GPR119 agonist, JTP-109192 leading to improvement of insulin sensitivity was examined in Zucker Fatty (ZF) rats. We investigated the in vitro effects of JTP-109192 on GSIS in the rat pancreatic β-cell line (INS1E) cells and on GLP-1 secretion in the murine enteroendocrine cell line (GLUTag) cells. We also investigated the effect of JTP-109192 on GSIS in Sprague-Dawley (SD) rats with single administration and its effect on glucose metabolism in ZF rats with repeated administration once daily for about 6 weeks. After repeated administration, the hyperinsulinaemic euglycaemic glucose clamp test was performed to evaluate insulin sensitivity. JTP-109192 increased intracellular cAMP levels (EC50 value: 3.6 nmol/L) and enhanced GSIS in the INS1E cells and GLP-1 secretion in GLUTag cells. In SD rats, a single administration of JTP-109192 enhanced GSIS at high blood glucose levels. The repeated administrations in ZF rats improved glucose metabolism without lack of drug efficacy (tachyphylaxis) and increased glucose infusion rates due to improvement of insulin sensitivity.
Keywords: G-protein coupled receptor 119; Zucker Fatty rat; diabetes; glucose clamp; insulin sensitivity.
© 2019 John Wiley & Sons Australia, Ltd.