The suppressive effects of recombinant human tumor necrosis factor-alpha on normal and malignant myelopoiesis: synergism with interferon-gamma

Int J Cell Cloning. 1988 Jul;6(4):241-61. doi: 10.1002/stem.5530060403.


The modulation of growth of normal and leukemic myeloid progenitor cells in soft agar cultures by recombinant human tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF alpha) and recombinant human interferon-gamma (IFN gamma) was investigated. TNF alpha inhibited colony formation of all colony types representing different maturational stages of normal progenitor cells committed to the myeloid lineage with different orders of sensitivity. Blast-type colonies derived from patients with acute myelogenous leukemia were more sensitive to TNF alpha inhibition than progenitor cells purified from normal bone marrow or bone marrow from patients with stable-phase chronic myelogenous leukemia. The response of most colony types to IFN gamma was poor. However, when IFN gamma was administered together with TNF alpha, synergistically enhanced antiproliferative effects were detected in all colony types tested. The antiproliferative action of IFN gamma on myelopoiesis was enhanced in culture by the presence of autologous monocytes, presumedly by inducing endogenous production of TNF alpha. However, TNF alpha seemed to act directly on the progenitor cells themselves to suppress their clonal growth, rather than involving accessory marrow elements such as monocytes and/or T lymphocytes.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Antibodies, Monoclonal
  • Bone Marrow / drug effects*
  • Bone Marrow Cells
  • Drug Synergism
  • Hematopoietic Stem Cells / drug effects
  • Humans
  • Interferon-gamma / pharmacology*
  • Leukemia, Myeloid / pathology*
  • Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute / pathology*
  • Recombinant Proteins / pharmacology
  • Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha / pharmacology*


  • Antibodies, Monoclonal
  • Recombinant Proteins
  • Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha
  • Interferon-gamma