Aberrant Expression of the miR-181b/miR-222 after Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation in Patients with Acute Myeloid Leukemia

Indian J Hematol Blood Transfus. 2019 Jul;35(3):446-450. doi: 10.1007/s12288-018-01066-6. Epub 2019 Jan 21.


Recently, dysregulated expression of various micro RNAs has been reported in hematologic malignancies, especially AML disease which affects normal hematopoiesis in these patients and thereby contribute to clinical outcome of AML patients, associated with either poor or favorable prognosis. Herein, we evaluated the expression of miR-181b and miR-222 in acute myeloid leukemia patients and correlation with response to therapy after hematopoietic stem cell transplantation. Eighty newly diagnosed AML patients and 80 healthy controls were recruited. The expression of miR-181b and miR-222 was evaluated by real-time SYBR Green PCR method. miR-181b gene expression was significantly increased (4.7 fold) whereas miR-222 was decreased (18.3 fold) in AML patients compared to controls (P = 0.03 and P < 0.001, respectively). Both miR-181b and miR-222 were not associated with response to treatment (P > 0.05). Also, miR-181b and miR-222 were not differentially expressed in AML patients with M3 compared to non-M3 FAB subtypes (P > 0.05). miR-181b and miR-222 are aberrantly expressed in AML patients and their baseline level is not associated with response to treatment.

Keywords: Acute myeloid leukemia (AML); Chemosensitivity; miR-181b; miR-222.