Added value of amyloid PET in individualized risk predictions for MCI patients

Alzheimers Dement (Amst). 2019 Jul 29;11:529-537. doi: 10.1016/j.dadm.2019.04.011. eCollection 2019 Dec.

Abstract

Introduction: To construct a prognostic model based on amyloid positron emission tomography (PET) to predict clinical progression in individual patients with mild cognitive impairment (MCI).

Methods: We included 411 MCI patients from the Alzheimer's Disease Neuroimaging Initiative. Prognostic models were constructed with Cox regression with demographics, magnetic resonance imaging, and/or amyloid PET to predict progression to Alzheimer's disease dementia. The models were validated in the Amsterdam Dementia Cohort.

Results: The combined model (Harrell's C = 0.82 [0.78-0.86]) was significantly superior to demographics (β = 0.100, P < .001), magnetic resonance imaging (β = 0.037, P = .011), and PET only models (β = 0.053, P = .003).The models can be used to calculate individualized risk, for example, a female MCI patient (age = 60, APOE ε4 positive, Mini-Mental State Examination = 25, hippocampal volume = 5.8 cm3, amyloid PET positive) has 35% (19-57) risk in one year and 85% (64-97) risk in three years. Model performances in the Amsterdam Dementia Cohort were reasonable.

Discussion: The present study facilitates the interpretation of an amyloid PET result in the context of a patient's own characteristics and clinical assessment.

Keywords: Alzheimer's disease; Amyloid positron emission tomography; Biomarkers; MCI; Progression.