We analysed the outcomes of 62 patients with refractory/relapsed diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (rrDLBCL) who had pre-transplantation fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography/computed tomography (PET/CT) after R-DHAC (rituximab, dexamethasone, high-dose cytarabine, carboplatin) salvage chemotherapy, and were evaluated using Deauville criteria and total lesion glycolysis (TLG). A positive pre-transplantation PET/CT with Deauville score of 5 was associated with shorter progression-free survival (PFS) (P = 0·01), while a Deauville score of 4 was not predictive of outcome. Only pre-transplant TLG was significantly associated with both PFS (P = 0·005) and overall survival (P = 0·03). TLG deserves to be further investigated in prospective studies.
Keywords: 18- fluorodeoxyglucose; autologous stem cell transplantation; diffuse large B-cell lymphoma; positron emission tomography/computed tomography; transplant.
© 2019 British Society for Haematology and John Wiley & Sons Ltd.