Akkermansia muciniphila Exerts Lipid-Lowering and Immunomodulatory Effects without Affecting Neointima Formation in Hyperlipidemic APOE*3-Leiden.CETP Mice

Mol Nutr Food Res. 2020 Aug;64(15):e1900732. doi: 10.1002/mnfr.201900732. Epub 2019 Aug 16.


Scope: Akkermansia muciniphila (A. muciniphila) is an intestinal commensal with anti-inflammatory properties both in the intestine and other organs. The aim is to investigate the effects of oral administration of A. muciniphila on lipid metabolism, immunity, and cuff-induced neointima formation in hyperlipidemic APOE*3-Leiden (E3L).CETP mice.

Methods and results: Hyperlipidemic male E3L.CETP mice are daily treated with 2 × 108 CFU A. muciniphila by oral gavage for 4 weeks and the effects are determined on plasma lipid levels, immune parameters, and cuff-induced neointima formation and composition. A. muciniphila administration lowers body weight and plasma total cholesterol and triglycerides levels. A. muciniphila influences the immune cell composition in mesenteric lymph nodes, as evident from an increased total B cell population, while reducing the total T cell and neutrophil populations. Importantly, A. muciniphila reduces the expression of the activation markers MHCII on dendritic cells and CD86 on B cells. A. muciniphila also increases whole blood ex vivo lipopolysaccharide-stimulated IL-10 release. Finally, although treatment with A. muciniphila improves lipid metabolism and immunity, it does not affect neointima formation or composition.

Conclusions: Four weeks of treatment with A. muciniphila exerts lipid-lowering and immunomodulatory effects, which are insufficient to inhibit neointima formation in hyperlipidemic E3L.CETP mice.

Keywords: Akkermansia muciniphila; atherosclerosis; immunity; lipid metabolism; mesenteric lymph nodes.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Administration, Oral
  • Akkermansia / immunology
  • Akkermansia / physiology
  • Animals
  • Apolipoprotein E3 / genetics
  • Disease Models, Animal
  • Hypercholesterolemia / immunology
  • Hypercholesterolemia / metabolism
  • Hypercholesterolemia / therapy
  • Hyperlipidemias / immunology
  • Hyperlipidemias / metabolism
  • Hyperlipidemias / therapy*
  • Immunologic Factors / pharmacology*
  • Lipid Metabolism
  • Lipids / blood*
  • Lipopolysaccharides / blood
  • Lymph Nodes / immunology
  • Male
  • Mice, Mutant Strains
  • Neointima / etiology
  • Neointima / prevention & control
  • Probiotics / administration & dosage*


  • Apolipoprotein E3
  • Immunologic Factors
  • Lipids
  • Lipopolysaccharides
  • apolipoprotein E3 (Leidein)

Supplementary concepts

  • Akkermansia muciniphila