Studies on the competition of polyene antibiotics for sterols

J Antibiot (Tokyo). 1979 Jun;32(6):646-53. doi: 10.7164/antibiotics.32.646.

Abstract

The fractional change in the corrected fluorescence of pimaricin or filipin in the presence of a limiting amount of sterol and a competing polyene antibiotic has been used to estimate the relative affinity of amphotericin B, nystatin, filipin, and pimaricin for stigmasterol and for cholesterol. The relative affinities for cholesterol were filipin greater than amphotericin B greater than pimaricin greater than nystatin, while the relative affinities for stigmasterol were filipin greater than pimaricin greater than amphotericin B greater than nystatin. The data indicate that pimaricin and filipin can both interact simultaneously with about 30% of the cholesterol or stigmasterol. However, the stoichiometry of filipin and pimaricin alone for cholesterol and for stigmasterol in dilute aqueous solutions is 1 : 1. In the experiments which indicated both pimaricin and filipin interact with the same sterol molecule changes in corrected fluorescence and the absorbance spectra were monitored; and these criteria indicated that both pimaricin and filipin had interacted with the sterols. Light-scattering measurements indicate large aggregates were not formed. Although the data shows in dilute aqueous solutions the stoichiometry of filipin and/or pimaricin for sterols is 1 : 1, in more complex solutions, other combinations or interactions are indicated especially for pimaricin.

Publication types

  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Amphotericin B
  • Anti-Bacterial Agents*
  • Binding, Competitive
  • Cholesterol
  • Filipin
  • Light
  • Natamycin
  • Nystatin
  • Polyenes
  • Scattering, Radiation
  • Spectrometry, Fluorescence
  • Sterols*
  • Stigmasterol

Substances

  • Anti-Bacterial Agents
  • Polyenes
  • Sterols
  • Nystatin
  • Amphotericin B
  • Filipin
  • Natamycin
  • Cholesterol
  • Stigmasterol