Background: Skull-base reconstruction represents a concern after resection of middle fossa (MF) tumors by the extradural subtemporal transzygomatic approach (ESTZ). Regional pedicled flaps appear to be the best option. This study describes a technique for temporal myofascial segmentation to harvest a multilayered vascularized flap for MF reconstruction, which might preserve temporal muscle (TM) function and its blood supply.
Methods: The technique to harvest a combined segmented temporal myofascial flap (CSTMF) is described. The flap consists in a temporal fascial (TFF) and a muscle flap (TMF), composed by TM anterior-medial bundle (AMB).
Results: CSTMF provides wide coverage of dural lining, through the TFF, and of dead-space, through the TMF. The possibility to tailor TMF according to the need, anatomically preserving the blood supply, enables to significantly increase its volume.
Conclusion: CSTMF represents an effective option as regional multilayered pedicled flap for MF reconstruction, potentially preserving TM function and minimizing the cosmetic impact.
Keywords: extradural subtemporal transzygomatic approach; pedicled flap; skull base reconstruction; temporal fascia flap; temporal muscle.
© 2019 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.