Safety and Immunogenicity of a Second Dose of an Investigational Maternal Trivalent Group B Streptococcus Vaccine in Nonpregnant Women 4-6 Years After a First Dose: Results From a Phase 2 Trial

Clin Infect Dis. 2020 Jun 10;70(12):2570-2579. doi: 10.1093/cid/ciz737.


Background: Maternal immunization against group B streptococcus (GBS) could protect infants from invasive GBS disease. Additional doses in subsequent pregnancies may be needed. We evaluated the safety and immunogenicity of a second dose of an investigational trivalent CRM197-glycoconjugate GBS vaccine (targeting serotypes Ia/Ib/III), administered to nonpregnant women 4-6 years postdose 1.

Methods: Healthy women either previously vaccinated with 1 dose of trivalent GBS vaccine 4-6 years before enrollment (n = 53) or never GBS vaccinated (n = 27) received a single trivalent GBS vaccine injection. Adverse events (AEs) were recorded. Serotype-specific (Ia/Ib/III) anti-GBS antibodies were measured by multiplex immunoassay prevaccination and 30/60 days postvaccination.

Results: AEs were reported with similar rates after a first or second dose; none were serious. Of previously GBS-vaccinated women, 92%-98% had anti-GBS concentrations that exceeded an arbitrary threshold (8 µg/mL) for each serotype 60 days postdose 2 vs 36%-56% postdose 1 in previously non-GBS-vaccinated women. Of previously GBS-vaccinated women with undetectable baseline (predose 1) anti-GBS levels, 90%-98% reached this threshold postdose 2. For each serotype, anti-GBS geometric mean concentrations (GMCs) 30/60 days postdose 2 in previously GBS-vaccinated women were ≥200-fold higher than baseline GMCs. Among women with undetectable baseline anti-GBS levels, postdose 2 GMCs in previously GBS-vaccinated women exceeded postdose 1 GMCs in previously non-GBS-vaccinated women (≥7-fold).

Conclusions: A second trivalent GBS vaccine dose administered 4-6 years postdose 1 was immunogenic with a favorable safety profile. Women with undetectable preexisting anti-GBS concentrations may benefit from a sufficiently spaced second vaccine dose.

Clinical trials registration: NCT02690181.

Keywords: group B streptococcus; immunogenicity; maternal immunization; safety; second dose.

Publication types

  • Clinical Trial, Phase II
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Antibodies, Bacterial
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Immunogenicity, Vaccine
  • Infant
  • Pregnancy
  • Streptococcal Infections* / prevention & control
  • Streptococcal Vaccines*
  • Streptococcus agalactiae
  • Vaccines, Conjugate


  • Antibodies, Bacterial
  • Streptococcal Vaccines
  • Vaccines, Conjugate

Associated data