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Review
. 2019 Aug 7;12(16):2513.
doi: 10.3390/ma12162513.

Amazing Types, Properties, and Applications of Fibres in Construction Materials

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Free PMC article
Review

Amazing Types, Properties, and Applications of Fibres in Construction Materials

Abbas Mohajerani et al. Materials (Basel). .
Free PMC article

Abstract

Fibres have been used in construction materials for a very long time. Through previous research and investigations, the use of natural and synthetic fibres have shown promising results, as their presence has demonstrated significant benefits in terms of the overall physical and mechanical properties of the composite material. When comparing fibre reinforcement to traditional reinforcement, the ratio of fibre required is significantly less, making fibre reinforcement both energy and economically efficient. More recently, waste fibres have been studied for their potential as reinforcement in construction materials. The build-up of waste materials all around the world is a known issue, as landfill space is limited, and the incineration process requires considerable energy and produces unwanted emissions. The utilisation of waste fibres in construction materials can alleviate these issues and promote environmentally friendly and sustainable solutions that work in the industry. This study reviews the types, properties, and applications of different fibres used in a wide range of materials in the construction industry, including concrete, asphalt concrete, soil, earth materials, blocks and bricks, composites, and other applications.

Keywords: asphalt; basalt fibres; composite materials; construction materials. concrete; environmental impacts; fibre reinforcement; natural fibres; soil; synthetic fibres; waste fibres.

Conflict of interest statement

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.

Figures

Figure 1
Figure 1
Samples of steel and copper fibres (top row), and basalt, plastic, and coconut fibres (bottom row).

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