A novel IFN-gamma regulated human melanoma associated antigen gp33-38 defined by monoclonal antibody Me14/D12. I. Identification and immunochemical characterization

J Immunol. 1988 Sep 15;141(6):2072-8.


A novel melanoma-associated differentiation Ag whose surface expression can be enhanced or induced by IFN-gamma was identified by mAb Me14/D12. Testing of numerous tumor cell lines and tumor tissue sections showed that Me14/D12-defined Ag was present not only on melanoma but also on other tumor lines of neuroectodermal origin such as gliomas and neuroblastomas and on some lymphoblastic B cell lines, on monocytes and macrophages. Immunoprecipitation by mAb Me14/D12 of lysates from [35S]methionine-labeled melanoma cells analyzed by SDS-PAGE revealed two polypeptide chains of 33 and 38 KDa, both under reducing and nonreducing conditions. Cross-linking experiments indicated that the two chains were present at the cell surface as a dimeric structure. Two-dimensional gel electrophoresis showed that the two chains of 33 and 38 KDa had isoelectric points of 6.2 and 5.7, respectively. Treatment of the melanoma cells with tunicamycin, an inhibitor of N-linked glycosylation, resulted in a reduction of the Mr from 33 to 24 KDa and from 38 to 26 KDa. Peptide maps obtained after Staphylococcus aureus V8 protease digestion showed no shared peptides between the two chains. Although biochemical data indicate that Me14/D12 molecules do not correspond to any known MHC class II Ag, their dimeric structure, tissue distribution, and regulation of IFN-gamma suggest that they could represent a new member of the MHC class II family.

MeSH terms

  • Antibodies, Monoclonal / immunology*
  • Antigen-Antibody Reactions
  • Antigens, Differentiation / immunology
  • Antigens, Differentiation / isolation & purification
  • Antigens, Neoplasm
  • Cell Line
  • Cross-Linking Reagents
  • Electrophoresis, Polyacrylamide Gel
  • Humans
  • Interferon-gamma / pharmacology*
  • Kinetics
  • Melanoma / analysis
  • Melanoma / immunology*
  • Melanoma-Specific Antigens
  • Neoplasm Proteins / biosynthesis
  • Neoplasm Proteins / immunology
  • Neoplasm Proteins / isolation & purification*
  • Peptide Mapping
  • Precipitin Tests
  • Radioimmunoassay
  • Tumor Cells, Cultured
  • Tunicamycin


  • Antibodies, Monoclonal
  • Antigens, Differentiation
  • Antigens, Neoplasm
  • Cross-Linking Reagents
  • Melanoma-Specific Antigens
  • Neoplasm Proteins
  • Tunicamycin
  • Interferon-gamma