Pathogenic MAGEL2 variants result in the phenotypes of Chitayat-Hall syndrome (CHS), Schaaf-Yang syndrome (SYS) and Prader-Willi syndrome (PWS). We present five patients with mutations in MAGEL2, including the first patient reported with a missense variant, adding to the limited literature. Further, we performed a systematic review of the CHS and SYS literature, assess the overlap between CHS, SYS and PWS, and analyze genotype-phenotype correlations among them. We conclude that there is neither a clinical nor etiological difference between CHS and SYS, and propose that the two syndromes simply be referred to as MAGEL2-related disorders.
Keywords: Chitayat-Hall syndrome; MAGEL2; MAGEL2-related disorder; Prader-Willi syndrome locus; Schaaf-Yang syndrome.
© 2019 John Wiley & Sons A/S. Published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd.