First identification of Sapoviruses in wild boar

Virus Res. 2019 Oct 2:271:197680. doi: 10.1016/j.virusres.2019.197680. Epub 2019 Aug 6.


Sapoviruses (SaVs) are enteric viruses that have been detected in human and animals previously; however, SaVs have not been identified in wild boar yet. Using a metagenomics approach, we identified SaVs in fecal samples of free-living wild boars in Japan for the first time. Six of the 48 specimens identified belonged to one genogroup (G)III, one GV and four GVI SaV sequence reads. We successfully determined complete genome of GV and GVI SaV strains using the long reverse transcription PCR strategy and the 5' rapid amplification of cDNA end method. Phylogenetic tree analysis and pairwise distance calculation revealed that GV SaV detected from wild boar was related to recently assigned GV.5 strains from pig, while GVI SaV was assigned to a new genotype within GVI. Moreover, wild boar may act as a reservoir for transmission of SaVs to the pig population (and vice versa) because GIII, GV, and GVI SaVs were all detected in pigs previously.

Keywords: complete genome; new genotype; sapovirus; wild boar.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Genome, Viral*
  • Genomics / methods
  • Genotype*
  • Japan
  • Phylogeny
  • Sapovirus / classification*
  • Swine
  • Vesicular Exanthema of Swine / virology*