Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) and genetic predisposition: A review article

Eur J Obstet Gynecol Reprod Biol X. 2019 Jun 8;3:100060. doi: 10.1016/j.eurox.2019.100060. eCollection 2019 Jul.

Abstract

Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is a heterogeneous condition which is related to an endocrine reproductive disorder of females. It affects females of 18-44 age. The persistent hormonal disbalance leads to the complexities such as numerous cysts, an irregular menstrual cycle that ultimately leads to infertility among females. Many candidate genes have been identified to be one of the causes of PCOS. Different studies have been carried out to find the genetic correlation of PCOS. It is essential to carry out such studies that identify the clear cause of PCOS and its genetic association and hormonal disbalance. This review has highlighted different genes and their correlation with PCOS that leads to hormonal disbalance. Yet not in-depth but an attempt to study the genetic predisposition of PCOS.

Keywords: Endocrine reproductive disorder; Hormonal disbalance; Infertility; Polycystic ovary syndrome.

Publication types

  • Review