Exchange saturation transfer and associated NMR techniques for studies of protein interactions involving high-molecular-weight systems

J Biomol NMR. 2019 Sep;73(8-9):461-469. doi: 10.1007/s10858-019-00244-6. Epub 2019 Aug 12.


A brief overview of theoretical and experimental aspects of the Dark state Exchange Saturation Transfer (DEST) and lifetime line broadening ([Formula: see text]) NMR methodologies is presented from a physico-chemical perspective. We describe how the field-dependence of [Formula: see text] can be used for determining the exchange regime on the transverse spin relaxation time-scale. Some limitations of DEST/[Formula: see text] methodology in applications to molecular systems with intermediate molecular weights are discussed, and the means of overcoming these limitations via the use of closely related exchange NMR techniques is presented. Finally, several applications of DEST/[Formula: see text] methodology are described from a methodological viewpoint, with an emphasis on providing examples of how kinetic and relaxation parameters of exchange can be reliably extracted from the experimental data in each particular case.

Keywords: Dark state exchange saturation transfer; Exchanging systems; High molecular weight; Lifetime line broadening.

MeSH terms

  • Kinetics
  • Molecular Weight
  • Nuclear Magnetic Resonance, Biomolecular / methods*
  • Protein Interaction Domains and Motifs