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Review
, 81 (1), 124-138

Soft Tissue-Related Complications and Management Around Dental Implants

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Review

Soft Tissue-Related Complications and Management Around Dental Implants

Tali Chackartchi et al. Periodontol 2000.

Abstract

Implant installation for replacing missing teeth is a frequent treatment procedure with high long-term survival and success rates. However, the success of implant therapy may be jeopardized by several complications related to mistakes in treatment planning, surgical procedure, management of hard and soft tissues, and infections. Increasing evidence suggests that the stability of the soft tissues surrounding osseointegrated dental implants may substantially influence long-term clinical stability and esthetics. Therefore, when implant therapy is planned, the clinician must not only be able to perform the appropriate steps to maintain/create a stable soft tissue, but also needs to be aware of the potential sources for complications and possess the adequate knowledge for their appropriate management. The present paper provides an overview of the most important aspects related to the prevention and management of soft tissue-related complications in conjunction with implant therapy. The current literature indicates that the presence of an adequate width of keratinized attached mucosa around dental implants may lead to better soft and hard tissue stability, less plaque accumulation, limited soft tissue recession, and lower incidence of peri-implant mucositis. Proper implant positioning by carefully considering appropriate mesio-distal and bucco-lingual dimensions and implant angulation may prevent the loss of interdental soft tissues and development of soft tissue recessions. To optimize the width of keratinized attached mucosa, the appropriate soft tissue augmentation protocol should be selected for each particular indication. When the use of autogenous soft tissue grafts is planned, a thorough knowledge of the anatomical structures is mandatory in order to harvest soft tissue grafts of an appropriate quality and quantity and to avoid/minimize postoperative complications. Finally, the clinician needs to master the necessary steps in order to manage complications related to extensive bleeding and tissue necrosis that may occur in conjunction with soft tissue augmentation procedures.

Keywords: attached mucosa; dental implants; keratinized mucosa; soft tissue; soft tissue grafts complication management.

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